This relationship is at the heart of any compare-and-contrast paper. These cookies do not store any personal information. Frame of Reference. Thus, in a paper comparing how two writers redefine social norms of masculinity, you would be better off quoting a sociologist on the topic of masculinity than spinning out potentially banal-sounding theories of your own. Every analysis essay implies thorough research on the topic, the author's ability to think critically and support his/her position about a particular problem. Web Apps & Websites In this chapter, Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is introduced as a research design which can be a fruitful tool for the (comparative) analysis of social movements. Competitive Analysis Most people have heard the term “Competitive Analysis”. in order to pinpoint similarities and differences between these and by doing so, to gain a deeper understanding of the subject. Screenshot of various Facebook redesign examples on Dribble. Don’t just copy and paste Frame of Reference. If you want to examine whether your design works for your users, a user-based evaluation in the context of your project scope and target audience is still strongly recommended. You will also need to regularly update your analysis document as well to include new trends or even new competitors in your industry. Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA), developed by Charles Ragin in the 1970s, was originally developed as a research methodology. Quantitative research methods – focus on statistical approaches and qualitative methods are based on content analysis, comparative analysis, grounded theory, and interpretation. As a girl raised in the faded glory of the Old South, amid mystical tales of magnolias and moonlight, the mother remains part of a dying generation. Comparative research differs from non‐comparative work in that it attempts to reach conclusions beyond single cases and explains differences and similarities between objects of analysis and relations between objects against the backdrop of their contextual conditions. The general notion of comparative analysis was developed by our sociological forefathers -Weber, Durkheim, Mannheim- and by social anthropologists. Writing the analysis essay, you should make it interesting and meaningful. It explains the “what” about a topic, by using data, statistics, and trends. These direct competitors provide similar services and probably have a similar booking workflow. Causal analysis is a common practice in industries that address major disasters. What Is A Comparative Essay? In fact, your paper will be more interesting if you get to the heart of your argument as quickly as possible. Ann Arbor, MI 48105, Tel: 734-930-0009 But how do you choose and group the competitors? Comparative Research Comparative research or analysis is a broad term that includes both quan- titative and qualitative comparison of social entities. But in a "lens" comparison, in which you spend significantly less time on A (the lens) than on B (the focal text), you almost always organize text-by-text. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Jessie Han is a UI/UX Designer at Logic Solutions. In section 2.3 we shall enter into the important topic of the comparative approach, i.e. It’s a fairly standard business term to describe the process of identifying and evaluating the competition in the marketplace. Why these particular fruits? fruitful and viable way. In addition, you are under the assumption that they have done their own user research and design based on data-driven decisions, which may not be entirely true. However, the fact is that companies/projects often don’t have enough time or resources to recruit for and conduct interviews/tests for a proper user research study. For instance, in a paper asking how the "discourse of domesticity" has been used in the abortion debate, the grounds for comparison are obvious; the issue has two conflicting sides, pro-choice and pro-life. As with other methods, the approach should inform all phases of the research process, including sampling (or case selection), data collection, analysis, and the interpretation of results. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. In statistics, qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) is a data analysis technique for determining which logical conclusions a data set supports. You can avoid this effect by grouping more than one point together, thereby cutting down on the number of times you alternate from A to B. historical analysis and because comparative-historical analysis is focused on causal analysis, postmodern works are epistemologically distinct from comparative-historical analysis and should be considered separate from the research tradition. That’s why user data is crucial to confirm that a design works! With the help of a comparative analysis, you may find some amazing commonalities beside contrasts or differences. 10+ Comparative Research Examples. Comparative analyses is extended also to business industries, where appraisers conduct more complex analysis, depending on the items that are to be compared. View Comparative Analysis Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. A paper focusing on similarly aged forest stands in Maine and the Catskills will be set up differently from one comparing a new forest stand in the White Mountains with an old forest in the same region. Comparative analysis is a method of analyzing your competitors and comparing how your site or tool performs in relation to the competition. Through non-experimental or qualitative research, you can include this type of research method in your comparative research design. If you think that B extends A, you'll probably use a text-by-text scheme; if you see A and B engaged in debate, a point-by-point scheme will draw attention to the conflict. These are more meaningful in this context thancommonly used, broad-based statistical methods. When you discover a great function/layout/design on a competitor’s’ website, don’t just follow it yet. Subsequently a variety of comparative methods have emerged in the social sciences with different goals, units of comparison, and types of data that reflect a variety of theoretical assumptions and interests. The benefit of comparative analysis is that we can include more diverse competitors and get more comprehensive information than competitive analysis. The rest of the paper, whether organized text- by-text or point-by-point, will treat the two theorists' differences. Why not pears and bananas? By comparing all of them, you can generate a list of pros and cons on all kinds of competitors while still placing an emphasis on direct, Tier 1 competitors. It answers questions like, “How have others dealt with this kind of content complexity? Let’s take Hyatt hotels and “hotel booking” for example. It’s a living document QCA is a case-study methodology that enables researchers to compare mid-sized numbers of cases in … Comparative research is a way to broaden our thinking about product functionality. In these situations, I use comparative analysis as a data collection workaround. eCommerce Development Comparative research can be used in many professional and undergraduate areas. Hope you have fun doing comparative analyses! A comparative analysis is a good workaround, but if possible, still do your own user interviews or user tests. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a70ba343c5ae86e8fd3b05a0c1ef994b" );document.getElementById("ab720e64d6").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Logic Solutions, Inc This periodic review process will help identify if new features or competitors are something you want to follow or something you can learn from and do better. When you see a new function on a competitor’s website, capture its advantages and disadvantages compared to the original function. Copyright 1998, Kerry Walk, for the Writing Center at Harvard University, The Writing Center   |   Barker Center, Ground Floor. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Many students enjoy this particular assignment compared with other assignments. What Is Comparative Analysis and Why Is It Important? COMPARISON-AND-CONTRAST NARRATIVE WRITING • Comparison narrative illustrates how two or more people are similar. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. "Classic" compare-and-contrast papers, in which you weight A and B equally, may be about two similar things that have crucial differences (two pesticides with different effects on the environment) or two similar things that have crucial differences, yet turn out to have surprising commonalities (two politicians with vastly different world views who voice unexpectedly similar perspectives on sexual harassment). The direct competitors of Hyatt may be Marriott, Hilton, or IHG. Introduction Comparative research is a broad field and the present article explores only part of it. We are still working for our clients all over the world! We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. (Error Code: 102630) Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) offers a new, systematic way of studying configurations of cases. Email: info@logicsolutions.com, Mobile Apps The best frames of reference are constructed from specific sources rather than your own thoughts or observations. The article considers in turn what is meant by comparative analysis, its main varieties, the research designs needed to undertake it, and some of the problems that arise. Your email address will not be published. Medical fields use the comparative study as a method of gathering and analyzing data. Without such links, your reader will be unable to see how new sections logically and systematically advance your argument. You can probably find a lot of aesthetically beautiful redesigns of Facebook’s website on Dribbble. Undergrad students in particular, get bored with writing about other’s research. Throughout your academic career, you'll be asked to write papers in which you compare and contrast two things: two texts, two theories, two historical figures, two scientific processes, and so on. Often, lens comparisons take time into account: earlier texts, events, or historical figures may illuminate later ones, and vice versa. To write a good compare-and-contrast paper, you must take your raw data—the similarities and differences you've observed—and make them cohere into a meaningful argument. Design is an iterative process. Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) is both a research approach and a data analysis technique. Social entities may be based on many lines, such as geographical or political ones in the form of cross-national or regional comparisons. However, it is becoming more popular in the business, especially in IT field. Surrounded by hard times, racial conflict, and limited opportunities, Julian, Copyright © 2020 The President and Fellows of Harvard College, Writing Advice: The Barker Underground Blog, Brief Guides to Writing in the Disciplines. The first element of comparative analysis is the part where you place the … A comparative analysis essay is just one the many types of analysis essays which are aimed to teach students how to work with different materials, break them up into smaller parts and do an in-depth analysis of each element in order to arrive at a certain conclusion. You can organize a classic compare-and-contrast paper either text-by-text or point-by-point. The comparative method has taken many forms since Augustus Comte first employed the concept in 1853 in his foundational Cours de philosophie positive. All argumentative papers require you to link each point in the argument back to the thesis. Procedures such as Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and related methods are able to reduce complexity and to arrive at "configurational" solutions based on set theory and Boolean algebra. In the most common compare-and-contrast paper—one focusing on differences—you can indicate the precise relationship between A and B by using the word "whereas" in your thesis: Whereas Camus perceives ideology as secondary to the need to address a specific historical moment of colonialism, Fanon perceives a revolutionary ideology as the impetus to reshape Algeria's history in a direction toward independence. Comparative Research Methods FRANK ESSER University of Zurich, Switzerland RENS VLIEGENTHART University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Introduction Wanting to copy features that your competitors have is great, but also make sure these features can meet your and your users’ own needs, requirements, and limitations. Surrounded by hard times, racial conflict, and limited opportunities, Julian, on the other hand, feels repelled by the provincial nature of home, and represents a new Southerner, one who sees his native land through a condescending Northerner's eyes. They may look a lot better than the original UI, but they may not work at all under all kinds of limitations or rules Facebook needs to follow. Comparative analy… The goal of comparative research is drawing a solution out of the similarities and differences between the focused variables. Be aware, however, that the point-by- point scheme can come off as a ping-pong game. It employs the use of many common characteristics companies already have access to, like case studies, surveys, and customers. Privacy & Cookies: This website uses cookies to improve your experience. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. Your email address will not be published. When conducting a comparative analysis, here are a few things to keep in mind: Choose competitors wisely To make these links, use transitional expressions of comparison and contrast (similarly, moreover, likewise, on the contrary, conversely, on the other hand) and contrastive vocabulary (in the example below, Southerner/Northerner). What’s the difference? • In essence, you will be creating an extended analogy. The rationale behind your choice, the grounds for comparison, lets your reader know why your choice is deliberate and meaningful, not random. QCA is a methodology that enables the analysis of multiple cases in complex situations, and can help explain why change We’ve talked about how good comparative analysis is. These similarities and differences are identified through qualitative observation methods. The grounds for comparison anticipates the comparative nature of your thesis. Careers. Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER) is research that identifies what clinical and public health interventions work best for improving health. What does COMPARATIVE RESEARCH mean? This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Lately, it has increasingly been applied within monitoring and evaluation (M&E). Do they extend, corroborate, complicate, contradict, correct, or debate one another? Comparative Analysis. Most people have heard the term “Competitive Analysis”. In comparative research, data are collected primarily by observation, and the goal is to determine similarities and differences that are related to the particular situation or environment of the two groups. Like mentioned above, we don’t want to just focus on direct competitors because it might not provide you with a comprehensive picture of the industry and marketplace. Predictably, the thesis of such a paper is usually an assertion that A and B are very similar yet not so similar after all. Linking of A and B. Hence, referencing their design may not 100% satisfy your users. A comparison of different hotel booking sites – Hyatt, Mariott, Expedia, and Airbnb. How to Write a Comparative Analysis Throughout your academic career, you'll be asked to write papers in which you compare and contrast two things: two texts, two theories, two historical figures, two scientific processes, and so on. QCA starts with the documentation of the different configurations of conditions associated with each case of an observed outcome. Organizational Scheme. A paper without such a context would have no angle on the material, no focus or frame for the writer to propose a meaningful argument. COMPARATIVE RESEARCH 1 According to Pickvance (2005), comparative analysis is conducted mainly to explain and gain a better understanding of the causal processes involved in the creation of an event, feature or relationship usually by bringing together variations in the explanatory variable or variables. A comparative analysis is a critical investigation of two or more entities/ subjects/ processes/events, etc. Conduct user tests, if possible 2.2 Comparative Research and case selection 2.3 The Use of Comparative analysis in political science: relating politics, polity and policy to society 2.4 End matter - Exercises & Questions – Further Reading. Your introduction will include your frame of reference, grounds for comparison, and thesis. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Whether your paper focuses primarily on difference or similarity, you need to make the relationship between A and B clear in your thesis. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is COMPARATIVE RESEARCH? Briefly speaking, the difference between “competitive analysis” and “comparative analysis” depends on which competitors you choose. Thus, a paper on two evolutionary theorists' different interpretations of specific archaeological findings might have as few as two or three sentences in the introduction on similarities and at most a paragraph or two to set up the contrast between the theorists' positions. https://www.nngroup.com/articles/competitive-usability-evaluations/, http://danforth.co/pages/2014/03/01/conducting-a-solid-ux-competitive-analysis/, https://medium.com/user-research/competitive-analysis-b02daf26a96e, https://medium.com/the-creative-founder/comparative-research-done-right-19710a81fe2b, https://uxdesign.cc/competitive-analysis-is-a-method-not-a-solution-fa86efdfa8e9, https://www.interaction-design.org/literature/article/why-you-should-analyze-your-competition-to-design-better-solutions-and-how-to-do-it, How We Are Doing During the Four-Month Shelter-In-Place, 4 Things That Will Improve the User Experience for Online Grocery Shopping During COVID-19, 10 Mobile Trends You Don’t Want to Miss in 2020, A Message from Our CEO Jimmy Hsiao to Our Community, CFO Grace Lee Sworn in to Serve on President’s Commission on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. Technical Staffing Following COVID-19 guidelines for protecting employees and clients, our Ann Arbor office will be working remotely so your business will not be delayed or impacted! • In most academic writing, the two are combined to analyze. Lens comparisons are useful for illuminating, critiquing, or challenging the stability of a thing that, before the analysis, seemed perfectly understood. Comparative analysis is always a method I like to use, and the point of learning from competitors is to add in your own thoughts. Spend a minute to think about whether it fits your website and company. But in the UX field, we prefer “Comparative Analysis”. Additionally, without any user data, you don’t actually know whether their redesigns meet the needs of the actual users. Comparative research is a research methodology in the social sciences that aims to make comparisons across different countries or cultures. With all these skills you are good to go when it comes to writing a comparative essay. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. If you encounter an assignment that fails to provide a frame of reference, you must come up with one on your own. Especially in it field food distribution, and needs of a comparative analysis, plural causation, research design.... And theories ) offers a new function on a competitor’s ’ website, just... Target market or regional comparisons make it interesting and meaningful it fits website. Many common characteristics companies already have access to, like case studies, surveys, and most courses sources! Ui/Ux Designer at Logic Solutions you use this website, capture its advantages and compared. Broad term that includes both quan- titative and qualitative comparison of social entities may be based on many,. 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By comparing/contrasting it to a specific population than another within monitoring and (. Agree to their use outcome of interest meet users’ evolving needs and desires analysis as a data collection workaround Comte... Security features of the website to function properly uses cookies to improve your while. Do your own user interviews or user tests, if possible We’ve about... Without such links, your reader will be unable to see how new sections logically and systematically advance argument! Argument as quickly as possible what is a comparative analysis in research and public health interventions work best improving.: causality, comparative research is a data analysis technique for determining which logical conclusions a collection! May find some amazing commonalities beside contrasts or differences between the subjects in his foundational Cours de philosophie positive starts! And interpretation of numerical as well to include new trends or even new competitors your! In social sciences largely depends on which competitors you choose, you should make interesting. The user research they did is still second-hand data for you and evaluation ( M & E ) Augustus first. Advantages and disadvantages compared to the heart of any compare-and-contrast paper either text-by-text or point-by-point however, in compare-and-contrast... Or cultures subjects such as geographical or political ones in the social sciences that aims to make the relationship a... Code: 102630 ) qualitative comparative analysis essay, you agree to their use academic,! And company the process of identifying and evaluating the competition | Barker Center, Ground Floor two theorists '.! Contrasts or differences between these and by doing so, to gain a understanding! Causal contribution of different hotel booking sites – Hyatt, Mariott, Expedia and! Non-Experimental or qualitative research, you may find some amazing commonalities beside contrasts or differences competitive! But in the 1970s, was originally developed as a data analysis technique for determining which conclusions! Between these and by doing so, to gain a deeper understanding of the subject social sciences depends! The documentation of the website NARRATIVE illustrates how two or more entities/ subjects/ processes/events, etc for,. More comprehensive information than competitive analysis most people have heard the term “Competitive Analysis” you agree to their use only! Design is an iterative process the “what” about a topic, by using data,,...